Since most asphalt shingle roofs last 15-25 years, most homeowners can get in the habit of treating them as out of sight and out of mind. However, it’s vital to keep your eyes peeled for the various types of roof damage that can occur due to storms or aging.

Watch for these 9 types of roof damage:

  • Missing shingles
  • Curling or cracked shingles
  • Ponding water
  • Sagging
  • Granule loss
  • Hail damage
  • Moss or algae growth
  • Internal water damage
  • Ice dams

If you notice any, be sure to schedule an inspection with a professional roofing contractor right away. However, here’s what you can look for as you do a post-storm walk around your property.

1) Missing Shingles

missing shingle roof damage

Whether caused by intense wind or regular wear and tear over the years, missing shingles are an urgent sign of roof damage. When portions of your roof are left exposed to the elements, you run the risk of water leaks entering your home and causing water damage.

Missing shingles are easy to spot from the ground— you may even notice some stray ones scattered in your yard. You can also take a look at your roof by climbing up a ladder, just make sure you have a buddy with you the whole time.

2) Curling or Cracked Shingles

house with curling shingles showing a common type of roof damage

Even if all your shingles are intact on your roof, they can show signs of damage like curling or cracking.

Prolonged exposure to heat and UV rays can cause your asphalt shingles to warp, curl, or buckle. Heat can even cause blisters— small bubbles or holes on the shingle’s surface. Additionally, if your roof has poor ventilation, that can lead to shingle curling.

Cracked shingles often appear after an intense storm or as your roof nears the end of its lifespan. Both of these issues threaten your roof’s integrity.

3) Ponding Water 💧

ponding water roof damage

Ponding water isn’t the most common type of roof damage, but if you live or work in a structure with a flat roof, it’s important to keep your eye out for it. If ponding water is left alone, it can cause expensive moisture damage. Be sure to schedule a roof inspection right away if you see standing water on your roof.

4) Sagging

Roof sagging is an urgent issue that constitutes immediate attention. Your roof system is made up of multiple components, including things like the fascia, soffit, and plywood decking. The plywood decking is the base of your roof that supports the shingles.

Plywood decking can naturally deteriorate over time, which results in sagging. If you look at your roof and see a slight dip in the shingles, you’re probably dealing with roof sagging. This doesn’t always mean your roof will immediately collapse, but it may also not be far off.

Call a local roofing company right away so that you can fix the issue before it gets worse.

5) Granule Loss

The very top sand-like layer of your shingles is called the granules. These granules give your shingles their color and keep them protected from the elements and harmful UV rays. Over time, or after intense storms, your shingles may experience granule loss.

If you notice a large amount of sand-like granules in your gutters or yard, you could be dealing with roof damage. Sometimes, granule loss can also indicate a manufacturing error. In which case, it could be covered under warranty. 

6) Hail Damage ⛈

hail roof damage

One of the most common types of damage is hail. Despite what most homeowners think, small hail can cause significant damage to your roof. Hail can cause roof penetrations and dents that leave your home susceptible to water damage. If you notice dents on other items on your property like your mailbox, gutters, or cars, it’s likely that your roof was damaged as well.

Your homeowners’ insurance policy should cover roof hail damage, so be sure to work with a trusted roofing contractor and file an insurance claim to see if you qualify for coverage for roof repairs or a replacement.

7) Moss or Algae Growth 🌱

home with common types of roof damage, moss growth

If you live in a humid, coastal region, or if your roof is in a very shady area, you’re more susceptible to moss and algae growth. Especially if you neglect roof maintenance or have poor drainage.

Algae growth on your roof typically appears as black streaks or green fuzzy growths. This is a cosmetic issue that negatively impacts your curb appeal and home value, but it can also cause more moisture issues if left unattended for too long.

8) Internal Water Damage

water damage stains on a wall

Sometimes, you notice internal issues before you recognize any damage on your roof. Interior water damage is especially common in attics and upper-level rooms, so watch out for signs like:

  • Water stains on ceilings
  • Cracked or peeling paint
  • Mold growth
  • Musty smells
  • Water stains on walls
  • Active dripping water

If you notice these signs of water damage, they’re more-than-likely stemming from an issue with your roof. Schedule a professional inspection as soon as possible to pinpoint the problem.

9) Ice Dams 🧊

common types of roof damage caused by ice dams

Ice dams can commonly occur in colder climates like the Midwest, so your Indiana home can definitely be at risk. Ice dams appear as large icicles hanging over your gutters or large sheets of ice covering the edge of your roof.

However, sometimes ice dams can be hidden under layers of snow, which is especially dangerous. Heat from your home may melt some of the snow but not the ice dam. This leaves a large amount of water trapped under a layer of snow and ice on your roof.

Ice dams don’t allow water to drain properly, which can cause serious damage to your roof and cause internal water damage. Try to prevent ice dams by keeping your home properly insulated and ventilated and by removing snow off your roof after a heavy snowfall (if possible).

Roof Damage? The Heartland Builders Have Your Back

Any one of these signs of damage can mean bad news for your roof and your home. A great way to ensure everything is in working condition is by scheduling regular maintenance with a trusted local roofing contractor.

If you live in Indiana and need roofing support due to any of these issues, you can lean on The Heartland Builders. We’ll respond quickly and work efficiently to ensure your roof is in top condition.

Contact our friendly team today for a free quote!